The Effect of Opbesity Rate On the Variables of Age and Sex a Sample of Students of Relgious Education Schools and Teachers
Keywords:Keywords: Obesity, MBI, , TBF, and W/H ratio
Obesity is a condition characterized by an excess of body fats. Obese persons differ in the amount of excess fat that stores and the regional distribution of that fat within the body. It is therefore essential to distinguish between those at risk as a result of abdominal obesity than those with generalized obesity. There are many studies about the obesity rate in the Asian but these studies did not give a clear idea about it in the Asian subgroups, the present research amid to study: 1- obesity rate in Islamic educational schools and cultural Asian subgroup, in Iraq, depend on gender and age groups using different ways such as Body mass index (BMI) and percentage of total body fat (TBF), 2- study which one way is better to give a realty average of obesity, and 3- diseases risk depend on gender and age groups using waist/hip ratio (W/H ratio). Included in this study were (300) person individuals. The age group was in the range of (13-45) years of both genders with apparently healthy status. The individuals were distributed to different age groups; (13-19) years included secondary school students, (18-23 years) included undergraduate university students, and (≥24 years) included schools teacher and university employees. BMI, TBF, and W/H ratio were measured in all individuals as WHO reported. This study found that 1) the general frequencies of obesity status according BMI does not exceed (8%) from total number of subjects (6% in female and 2% in male) most of them were ≥24 years old, while it found that obese percentage increased to (45.5 %) from total number of subjects according TBF (40% in females and 9% in males) most of them were ≥24 years old. 2) the high risk rate was higher in female compared to males. This risk is elevated with the age, the highest high risk was recorded in ≥24 years group which reached (67%) (56 % in females and only 11. % in males). In conclusion, such high risk ratio related with the obesity rate according TBF is not reassuring especially for ≥24 year’s group and need serious stand by.
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