Prediction of Traffic Flow in Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks using Optimized Based-Neural Network

Authors

  • Ahmed Ibrahim Turki Department of Physics, College of Education, University of Samarra, Iraq

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54153/sjpas.2024.v6i2.758

Keywords:

Traffic flow, VANET, Developed Neural Network, Optimization, Prediction

Abstract

Traffic flow prediction is crucial for managing traffic, reducing pollution, ensuring public safety, and is a vital element of Intelligent Transportation Systems. Furthermore, the variables that influence traffic patterns (such as public events, road closures, and accidents) are predominantly unforeseen, rendering the prediction of traffic flow an intricate undertaking.   The objective of this research is to enhance the accuracy of traffic flow forecast by employing a novel strategy that utilizes feedforward Neural-Networks and the Quasi-Newton method for optimization. The proposed strategy decreases the error factor based on the Lagrange multiplier and Jacobian vector. This enhancement has resulted in expedited convergence throughout the process of learning.   The sample was chosen using datasets provided by the Traffic Monitoring System, specifically from Highway England, Performance Measurement System, and Maryland 511, for the year 2023. In order to assess the proposed model, the research outcomes are juxtaposed with other established prediction methodologies. The study revealed that the research model that was established performed better than previous prediction strategies based on measures of mean absolute error and root mean squared error.

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Published

2024-06-30

How to Cite

Ibrahim Turki, A. (2024). Prediction of Traffic Flow in Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks using Optimized Based-Neural Network. Samarra Journal of Pure and Applied Science, 6(2), 215–231. https://doi.org/10.54153/sjpas.2024.v6i2.758