Evaluate the Complete Blood Picture and Some Biochemical Parameters in Patients referred to the dialysis unit in Diyala General Hospital
Research done on 40 patients; 24 males, 20-79 years, and 16 females, 42-67 years; referred to dialysis unit, Baqubah hospital, in November and December, 2021; January and February 2022. Creatinine, Urea and Iron, record high levels. Glucose, calcium, sodium, potassium, and phosphate, were within normal, and low levels of albumin. Means of Total Erythrocyte Counts (TECs), hemoglobin (Hb), Hematocrit% (HCT), and Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC), showed lowered level. While, Mean Cell Volume (MCV), Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH), Mean Red Blood Cell Distribution Width- Standard Deviation (RDW-SD), Mean Red Blood Cell Distribution Width- Coefficient of Variation (RDW-CV), were within normal. Total Leucocyte Counts (TLCs), Neutrophils, Lymphocytes, Eosinophil, Basophils, were within normal, Platelet Counts and related parameter were within normal. Within ranges some values were higher than normal as, potassium, phosphate, (RDW-SD), (RDW-CV), Neutrophils%, Eosinophil%, Lymphocytes, Mean Platelets Volume (MPV). While some other values were lower as sodium, (TRCs), (Hb), (HCT %), (MCV), (MCH), (MCHC), (RDW-SD), (TLCs), Lymphocytes%, platelets, Platelet Distribution Width (PDW), Platelet- Large Cell Ratio (P-LCR). But some values of glucose, and calcium, were high, and some other low. At the same time Monocytes%, Basophils% was within normal range. In conclusion creatinine and urea levels have an important role in diagnosis and follow- up of kidney failure. All patients have high levels of urea, iron and creatinine. But not all have higher level of potassium and glucose. Sodium and albumin, showed decreased level. Blood picture revealed microcytic, hypochromic anemia; as (TECs), (Hb), (HCT %), (MCHC) and (RDW-SD) were of lower values.
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