Study of preliminary qualitative screening and evaluation of alkaloids and flavonoids compounds of some Orobanche species growing in Iraq

Authors

  • Rafid Magid Mikhlef Department of Biotechnology, College of Applied Science, University of Samarra, Iraq
  • Talib.O. Al-Khesraji Department of Biology, College of Education, University of Tikrit, Iraq

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54153/sjpas.2024.v6i2.698

Keywords:

Orobanche, Alkaloids, Phytochemicals, Phenols, Iraq

Abstract

Among 27 Orobanche species growing in Iraq, only O. aegyptiaca and O. ramosa (recently Phelipanche aegyptiaca and P. ramosa) have been studied phytochemically. Preliminary phytochemical screening revealed the presence of alkaloids, phenols, flavonoids, terpenes, resins, steroids, saponins (present or absent) and tannins in the areal parts of all tested species.  HPLC results indicated the presence of six alkaloid compounds (oxo sparteine, isosparteine, retamine,13-hydroxylupanine, lupanine and sparteine) and three phenolic compounds (isoverbascoside,caffeic acid and verbascoside) in all Orobanche s.l.taxa investigated . These parasitic taxa showed high amounts of the alkaloid Lupanine and the phenylpropanoid verbascoside. In this study, O.ramosa  is  the richest broomrape species in secondary metabolites.

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Published

2024-06-30

How to Cite

Magid Mikhlef, R., & Al-Khesraji, T. (2024). Study of preliminary qualitative screening and evaluation of alkaloids and flavonoids compounds of some Orobanche species growing in Iraq. Samarra Journal of Pure and Applied Science, 6(2), 169–179. https://doi.org/10.54153/sjpas.2024.v6i2.698